There are some conditions affecting the teeth which are unique to children and which should be monitored carefully by the parent. One of these is bottle decay. Bottle decay is a condition of rampant decay in children who have a bottle of milk or sugary fluid in bed at night.
Baby teeth are softer than adult teeth and hence will decay more easily. Having milk or a sugary fluid at night will result in the teeth becoming coated in the sugary substance which will cause decay and will also result in reducing the flow of saliva at night which in turn further increases the risk of decay.
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Bottle decay first causes decay to occur in the upper front teeth and then for decay to appear in the upper and lower back teeth. Dental care for children is best observed by sensible management practices. If your baby needs to have a bottle to sleep, use plain water.
Stop the use of a bottle completely when the child turns one and see a dentist immediately if you see a brown stain on the baby's teeth which cannot be removed with a toothbrush. Most children can be treated for this problem in the dentist's chair, but for very young children, a general anesthetic may be required, so all the work can be done in one go.
A second problem unique to young children is thumb-sucking. This is a common habit of many babies and toddlers and it can comfort them and help them fall asleep.